GCSE Biology

What is GCSE Biology?

Biology is the study of the structure, interactions and adaptations of a wide variety of different organisms. Students are introduced to the internal workings of plants and mammals, the structure of body and the relationships between humans and the natural world.

The Specification

AQA Biology 4401 - The scheme of assessment consists of two tiers: Foundation Tier and Higher Tier. Foundation Tier assesses grades G to C and Higher Tier assesses grades D to A*.


BL1HP  Biology 1  1 hour exam  25%
BL2HP  Biology 2  1 hour exam  25%
BL3HP  Biology 3  1 hour exam  25%
BL4P  Investigative skills  Controlled assessment  25%

Course content

BL1HP Biology 1
B1.1 Keeping healthy
B1.2 Nerves and hormones
B1.3 The use and abuse of drugs
B1.4 Interdependence and adaptation
B1.5 Energy and biomass in food chains
B1.6 Waste materials from plants and animals
B1.7 Genetic variation and its control
B1.8 Evolution 

BL2HP Biology 2
B2.1 Cells and simple cell transport
B2.2 Tissues, organs and organ systems
B2.3 Photosynthesis
B2.4 Organisms and their environment
B2.5 Proteins - their functions and uses B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
B2.7 Cell division and inheritance
B2.8 Speciation 

BL3HP Biology 3
B3.1 Movement of molecules in and out of cells
B3.2 Transport systems in plants and animals
B3.3 Homeostasis
B3.4 Humans and their environment

BL4P Investigative Skills
B4.1 Plan practical ways to develop and test candidates own scientific ideas
B4.2 Assess and manage risks when carrying out practical work
B4.3 Collect primary and secondary data
B4.4 Select and process primary and secondary data
B4.5 Analyse and interpret primary and secondary data
B4.6 Use scientific models and evidence to develop hypotheses, arguments and explanations

Reading List

AuthorTitle Publisher
Fullick  AQA Science GCSE Biology  Nelson Thornes