IGCSE Geography

Dates Available

Week 1: Monday 26 – Friday 30 March
Week 2: Monday 2 – Friday 6 April
Week 3: Monday 9 – Friday 13 April


Edexcel (Pearson)

Length of Course

4 hours per topic


9am to 1pm or 2pm to 6pm daily

Our Geography revision programme for IGCSE is modular in structure. To produce a
bespoke revision course students simply select the topics they require help with and
indicate what they are on the registration form. Extensive use will be made of relevant
past questions and time will be devoted to developing practical skills such as those of
map and photograph interpretation.

1 River environments
The hydrological cycle, features of a drainage basin, including watershed and channel network. The hydrograph and river regimes; Processes; Changes in the river channel; The uses of water; The demand for and supply of water; Reasons for variations in water quality; The storage and supply of clean water (dams and reservoirs; pipelines; treatment works); Flooding.

2 Coastal environments
The coast as a natural system and its processes; Landforms; The impact of geology, vegetation, people and sea-level changes on coasts; Coastal ecosystems and biodiversity; Physical factors affecting the distributions of coastal ecosystems; Conflicts between different users of the coast; Coastal retreat and its management; Coastal protection.

3 Hazardous environments
Different types of hazard (climatic, tectonic); The global distributions, causes and characteristics of: tropical storms, volcanoes and earthquakes; Methods of monitoring weather conditions; Identifying the scale of natural disasters and their short-term and long-term impact in countries at different levels of development; Reasons why people continue to live in areas at risk; Predicting and preparing for hazards; Coping during hazards.

4 Economic activity and energy
The classification of employment by sector; Changes with development, variations between and within countries; Informal employment; Factors affecting the changing location and growth of tertiary and quaternary activities; Factors affecting the changing location of manufacturing; The rising demand for energy and the energy gap; Renewables versus non-renewables; The need for energy efficiency.

5 Ecosystems and rural environments

Biomes and their global distributions; Ecosystems and their components; The nature of the temperate grassland biome and its agricultural use; Characteristics of rural environments; The farm as a system; Causes and consequences of food shortages and attempts to tackle these problems; LIC rural settlement changes; rural-to-urban migration and its impact; HIC rural settlement changes; Counter- urbanisation and Service Provision.

6 Urban environments
The nature of urbanisation; The emergence of mega-cities; The problems associated with rapid urbanisation; Reasons for, and consequences of different land uses; Implications of rapidly developing urban areas in LICs; Changes taking place at the edge of HIC cities; The ‘greenfield’ versus ‘brownfield’ debate; Areas of social deprivation and poverty in HIC cities; Urban regeneration and rebranding.

7 Fragile environments
The fragile nature of environments and the concept of sustainability; Causes of soil erosion and desertification; Consequences and management of soil erosion; Causes and Consequences of deforestation; Managing rainforests in a sustainable way and the need for international cooperation; Global warming and climate change debate including mitigation and adaptation.

8 Globalisation and migration
The rise of the global economy; The global shift in manufacturing and the reasons for this; TNCs; The growth of global tourism and its causes; The impact of mass tourism on the environment, economy and people of destination areas; Attempts to make tourism more sustainable (ecotourism); Migration – a component of population change; Types of migration (voluntary versus forced); the push-pull factors affecting migration; Managing migration – refugee and asylum-seeker issues.

9 Development and human welfare
The nature of development and quality of life; Development indicators; Quality of life indicators; The changing pattern of global development, emerging economies; The development gap at different spatial scales; Rapid population growth and its quality of life consequences; Government policies to manage population change; Managing disparities in development and quality of life.

Each module will be offered at the following times

Monday am Topic 1 pm Topic 2
Tuesday am Topic 3 pm Topic 4
Wednesday am Topic 5 pm Topic 6
Thursday am Topic 7 pm Topic 8
Friday am Topic 9    

NB We do not cover the Section C (Practical Enquiries) section of the course